Principles of Martial Arts

Martial Arts is not just about learning techniques. It is about learning Principles of movement that help a practionior understand martial arts and body movement as a whole. Techniques are catalysts to learning these principles.

9 Principles of Tuite ~ George Dillman & Chris Thomas

  1. Utilization of the pressure points
  2. Utilize two-way action
  3. Apply complex torque
  4. Generate confusion
  5. Work against a base
  6. Create a mechanical advantage
  7. Apply variable pressure
  8. Stick to the opponent
  9. Utilize redundancy

10 Principles of Small Circle Jujitsu ~ Wally Jay

  1. Balance
  2. Mobility and Stability
  3. Avoid the Head On Collision of Forces
  4. Mental Resistance and Distraction
  5. Focus to the Smallest Point Possible
  6. Energy Transfer
  7. Fulcrum lever base
  8. Sticking Control and Sensitivity
  9. Rotational Momentum
  10. Transitional Flow
    Exert Continual Pain During Transitions
    Create Maximum Pain Without Dislocating Joint
    Mobility During Transition Rather than Stability

5 Principles of Kata Interpretation ~ George Dillman & Chris Thomas

  1. No Blocks
  2. Multiple Interpretations
  3. Direction of Movement
  4. Two-Hand Rule
  5. Use Kyusho Jitsu

7 Virtues of Bushido ~ The Bushido Code

  • Courage (勇 yū)
  • Benevolence or Mercy (仁 jin)
  • Respect (禮 rei)
  • Honesty (誠 makoto)
  • Honour (名誉 meiyo)
  • Loyalty (忠義 chūgi)

20 Principles of Karate ~ Gichin Funaoshi

  1. Never forget that karate begins and ends with respect.
  2. There is no first attack in karate.
  3. Karate fosters righteousness.
  4. First know yourself and then know others.
  5. Rather than physical technique, mental technique.
  6. Let your mind roam freely.
  7. Inattention and neglect causes misfortune.
  8. Never think that karate is practiced only in the dojo.
  9. Karate is a life-long pursuit.
  10. Everything you encounter is an aspect of karate: find the marvelous truth there.
  11. Karate is like boiling water: if you do not keep the flame high, it turns tepid.
  12. Do not think about winning; think about not losing.
  13. Respond in accordance to your opponent.
  14. Wage the battle with natural strategy.
  15. Regard your hands and feet as sharp swords.
  16. Step out the door and you face 10,000 foes.
  17. Learn various stances as a beginner but then rely on a natural posture.
  18. The kata must always be practiced correctly: real combat is another matter.
  19. Never forget your own strengths and weakness, the limitations of your body, and the relative quality of your techniques.
  20. Continuously polish your mind.

Other Principles ~ Various Sources

  • Don’t block with your face
  • Position before submission
  • Space equals escape
  • Where the head goes the body follows